Periodontal disease is one of the most common concerns facing patients at any dental office. Plaque is a sticky film bacteria, food, debris and saliva that builds up on your teeth. When plaque is allowed to stay on your teeth it eventually turns into tartar, which is a harder and more difficult to remove substance. When plaque and tartar are not removed from your teeth, they begin to cause deterioration in the gums and bone around your teeth.
Unfortunately, 4 out of every 5 people suffer from some degree of periodontal disease and don’t even know it. Most people are unaware of the disease because it is painless in the early stages of its progression.
Left unchecked with periodontist Kanata, periodontal disease can have a devastating effect on your teeth, your smile and your overall health. It is the number one cause of tooth loss. Scientific research now suggests that periodontal disease may also be linked to illnesses such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease as well as low birth weight babies.
The good news is with proper oral hygiene, a balanced diet and regular dental visits with our Kanata periodontist, you can decrease your risks of developing periodontal disease.
Some of the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums – gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously and use floss,
- Loose teeth – this is caused by bone loss in the jaw or weakened periodontal fibres, which help support the tooth to the bone,
- New spacing between the teeth – this is again caused by bone loss,
- Persistent bad breath – this is often caused by excessive levels of bacteria in the mouth,
- Pus around the teeth and gums – this is a clear sign that there is an infection present in the mouth,
- Receding gums – this is a result of periodontal disease attacking the gums,
- Red and puffy gums – gums should never be puffy or swollen, and
- Tenderness or discomfort – plaque and tartar build up will begin to irritate the gums and may cause you discomfort.