Your Kanata dentist or dental hygienist can diagnoses periodontal disease during a periodontal examination. This type of exam is a routine part of your regular check-ups at March Dental.
When you come in for your check-up, we will use a small periodontal probe to measure the size of the pockets between each of your teeth and the gums. The depth of a healthy pocket is 3 millimetres or less, and does not bleed. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets will typically become deeper and more prone to bleeding.
Periodontal disease is normally assessed based on the depth of the pockets, the amount of bleeding, inflammation of the gums, and tooth mobility. It is normally categorized as one of the following:
This is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed and likely to bleed.
Plaque hardens into tartar. As tartar and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth. The space between the gums and teeth becomes filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may occur.
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone and periodontal ligaments continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. General to severe bone loss may be present.