Sometimes tooth decay can become so aggressive that it impacts the nerve endings located inside the tooth. Large fillings and cracks may also affect the nerve of a tooth. In order to eliminate tooth pain and save the tooth, the entire pulp, nerves, bacteria and any decay found inside the tooth are removed. The resulting space is treated with disinfecting irrigants and other medicated solutions. The tooth is then sealed and filled with bioinert material. It is best that the tooth be fitted with a dental crown, which increases the prognosis of the tooth significantly. The root canal treatment, along with the added protection of a crown will return the tooth back to a comfortable state.
Root canal therapy is often the treatment of choice in order to save a tooth once the nerve is affected. Without a root canal, the tooth will die and have to be removed. We recognize that for some patients the easier solution is to simply have the tooth removed. However, we caution patients that simply removing a tooth can lead to a host of future dental health concerns, increasing your longer term costs.
Root canal therapy is normally highly effective and often lasts a lifetime. On occasion, a treated tooth will have to be retreated due to the presence of a new infection.
It is worthy to note that many people believe that once a tooth has had a root canal treatment it cannot get decay. This is not true, however. A tooth with a root canal treatment still has the ability to decay. Without proper home care and adequate fluoride source the tooth structure can become severely decayed often without the patient’s knowledge since the nerve has been removed, leaving the tooth without any pain perception. Therefore, it is very important to have regular dental x-rays taken of the root canal to ensure that the tooth is not having any problems that the patient would not be aware of.
Signs and/or Symptoms calling for root canal treatment:
- An abscess (or pimple) on the gums or in the jaw bone,
- Sensitivity to hot and cold,
- Severe toothache pain,
- Sometimes signs without any symptoms are present, and
- Swelling or tenderness.
Reasons for root canal therapy:
- The decay on a tooth has reached to the inner cavity of the tooth and has affected the pulp of the tooth,
- An infection or abscess has developed inside the tooth or at the root tip,
- Injury or trauma to the tooth, and
- Crack propagation into the nerve chamber of the tooth.
What does Kanata root canal therapy involve:
A root canal procedure Kanata can take up to two visits to the office. After a numbing agent has been applied to the affected area, a rubber dam is placed over the tooth in order to keep it dry and free from saliva. An opening is placed in the top of the tooth and a series of files are placed into the opening to remove the pulp, nerve tissue and bacteria from the tooth. If tooth decay is present, the dentist will also remove it.
After the tooth has been thoroughly cleaned, it will be sealed with a filling. In the event that additional appointments are needed, a temporary filling will be placed.
In most cases, our professionals will recommend that a crown be placed over the tooth that has been subject to root canal therapy. This will protect the tooth and prevent it from breaking and ensure its restoration to full function.
For a period after the root canal therapy you may continue to experience some sensitivity. This will, however, subside as the inflammation diminishes and the tooth heals.
Maintaining good oral hygiene practices and regular visits with us at Kanata Dental will help maintain the longevity of your root canal treatment.